Published on July 26th, 2017 | by Ledger Online0
AUTHOR’S CORNER: “The Jewish Community of Amherst: The Formative Years, 1969-1979”
Irving Seidman tells the story of a Jewish community that grew in a quintessential New England town
By Stacey Dresner
AMHERST, Massachusetts – “No place, no rabbi, no prayer books, no Torah, no Ark…The stakes were high.”
No, this is not an excerpt from a Daniel Silva novel.
In fact, it’s the start of the chapter “The High Holidays are Coming” in Irving Seidman’s new book The Jewish Community of Amherst: The Formative Years, 1969-1979.The Jewish Community of Amherst: The Formative Years, 1969-1979. The fascinating book, filled with remembrances and anecdotes, tells the story of the founders of the Jewish Community of Amherst (JCA) who in the late 1950s and early 1960s began arriving in Amherst as students and faculty members at the University of Massachusetts and came to seek each other out in this “quintessential New England town.”
“Many grew up in Jewish neighborhoods in New York, Boston and Baltimore,” he told the Ledger in a recent interview. “They came to Amherst and wondered, ‘How are we going to be Jews here?’”
Seidman culled the information in the book from personal interviews and JCA documents from more than 40 years ago.
“What many people think are dry – committee meetings, board meetings, minutes, newsletters – I began to see as threads of a story that just built from document to document,” he said.
The book begins with the first Jews who settled in Amherst – seven “Hebrews” living in the town in 1938. They include a couple of families who ran shops – a shoemaker, a tailor – and a Jewish student at UMass, Max Goldberg, who later became a member of the faculty.
“At first it was a trickle. Gradually it became a stream,” Goldberg writes in the book, describing the influx of Jews who moved to Amherst with the growth of what was to become UMass.
Seidman himself was one of those Jews arriving in Amherst in the 1960s. A native of Shaker Heights, Ohio, Seidman and his wife Linda came to Amherst in 1968 with their two small children, Rachel and Ethan. Linda was an archivist and Seidman was a professor of education, both at UMass.
He takes the reader through years when some Amherst Jews joined Congregation B’nai Israel in neighboring Northampton and sent their children to its Hebrew school, to the formation of the Amherst Jewish Community, a more cultural meeting ground, to the founding of the Amherst Jewish Education Organization in 1966. After the Six-Day War in 1967, the two groups came together over their shared love of Israel and in 1969, JCA was founded with a membership of 35 families.
Seidman weaves together the story of the JCA’s early years, from borrowing arks and Torahs from other synagogues to the support of local rabbis, including Rabbi Arthur Langenauer of B’nai Israel and Rabbi Yechiael Lander of UMass Hillel, who later became JCA’s part-time rabbi.
The Seidmans, themselves, joined JCA in 1972 when their daughter Rachel was six and ready to start Sunday school.
“I was sort of rebelling at that time in my life and moving away [from Judaism] and coming back,” he recalled. “A friend of mine, David Schimmel, who was a founder came to me and said, ‘Look, your kids are Jewish and they are going to be known as Jewish and they should know something about being Jewish. You should join the Jewish Community of Amherst.’ And we did.”
When the Seidmans joined JCA in 1972, it was still going through some growing pains.
“We had no home. We went to services at the Lutheran Church. Committees met in peoples’ homes,” Seidman said. “Rev. Koenig of the Lutheran Church was just magnificent in his reaching out to us. He first said, ‘You can come into the sanctuary and have services there.’ And then a group went in and there was a very prominent crucifix. He looked at it and said, ‘Maybe on second thought this isn’t the best place, how about our social hall?’”
JCA held its Friday night services at the church and its High Holiday services in Johnson Chapel at Amherst College. Then in 1976, the Second Congregational sold its building to the JCA.
The book goes into some detail about the renovation of the building, halachic issues that arose in the 1970s, the purchase of JCA’s first Torah in 1973 and other milestones the congregation experienced from 1969 to 1979.
The idea to write the book began about six years ago when JCA member Frieda Howard went upstairs to the old social hall and found several boxes filled with what turn out to be JCA’s founding documents. Seidman’s wife, Linda, and Elaine Trehub, another archivist from Mount Holyoke, were enlisted to help organize the papers. Irving was asked if he could possibly organize an exhibit of the materials, but he decided that he should write a book instead.
“I knew the founding members were dying now and their story had not been told. I wanted to honor the founders and tell this story,” Seidman said. “Some of us make contributions to the synagogue by reading Torah, some by leading services. This was something I could do to make a contribution.”
Seidman spent a year going through the documents. What he found turned out to be the touching story of a community determined to come together.
“I interviewed as many founders as I could find. People who were members in 1969 and who still were members of the JCA,” he said. “I interviewed them about their background; about how they came to Amherst and what they experienced at the JCA.”
He stopped at 1979 – after JCA’s first 10 years.
When asked what surprised him most when he was researching the book, Seidman said it was the origin of JCA’s Torah.
Purchased in late 1972 for $485 from Rabbi Moshe Eisenbach, it was rescued from a synagogue in Zdzeciol, a Polish town the Jews called “Zhetl.”
When writing the book, Seidman came across a newspaper article in Yiddish about the Torah that was part of JCA’s archive. He went to Rabbi Benjamin Weiner who was chatting with JCA gabbai Aaron Bousel at the time, and asked him if he could translate the Yiddish. The rabbi said it was about a town called Zhetl.
“Zhetl! My family is from Zhetl!” explained Bousel.
“So our gabbai was reading from a Torah that was saved from his grandfather’s hometown,” Seidman said. “That was an amazing story and strongly moving to me.”
Seidman said it took a year to do the research and another year to write the book, which was self-published through Off the Common Book Publishing in Amherst. Proceeds of the book will be given to the synagogue’s Rabbi’s Discretionary Fund.
Seidman, who retired in 2008 and is now professor emeritus at UMass, said he has no plans to write a follow-up about JCA following 10 years.
“No, I’m going to be 80,” he laughed. “Maybe someone else will pick it up.”