(JTA) — President Donald Trump commuted the sentence of Sholom Rubashkin, the chief executive of what was then the largest kosher slaughterhouse in the country, who was convicted of bank fraud and money laundering charges. Trump cited appeals from across the political spectrum in making the move. “In 2009, he was convicted of bank fraud and sentenced thereafter to 27 years in prison,” a statement Dec. 20 by the White House said. “Mr. Rubashkin has now served more than eight years of that sentence, which many have called excessive in light of its disparity with sentences imposed for similar crimes.” The statement described the commutation as an “an action encouraged by bipartisan leaders from across the political spectrum, from Nancy Pelosi to Orrin Hatch,” referring to the Democratic leader in the U.S. House of Representatives and the Republican senator from Utah, respectively. Attached to the statement was a long list of lawmakers from both parties who backed Rubashkin’s release as well as former top-ranking Justice Department officials, also from both parties. “This action is not a Presidential pardon,” the statement said. “It does not vacate Mr. Rubashkin’s conviction, and it leaves in place a term of supervised release and a substantial restitution obligation, which were also part of Mr. Rubashkin’s sentence.”
A massive federal immigration raid in 2008 at the Agriprocessors meatpacking plant in Postville, Iowa, led to the arrest of nearly 400 undocumented Guatemalans and Mexican workers. A jury acquitted Rubashkin on charges of harboring illegal immigrants and employing child labor, but he was charged later on the bank fraud and money laundering charges as he tried to sell the company, which was on the verge of bankruptcy. Advocates for Rubashkin, among them prominent legal and political figures, later offered evidence that they said showed prosecutors tampered inappropriately with the case, and scared off potential buyers by saying they would seize the company if a Rubashkin family member was involved in the purchase. As the company’s value plummeted, Rubashkin masked its poor financial health, leading to the criminal charges, according to this argument. Rubashkin, a member of the Chabad Lubavitch movement, is 57. He has 10 children, which Trump noted in his commutation.
Law professor Alan Dershowitz, calling Rubashkin’s sentence “excessively unjust,” also praised the decision. Dershowitz had long argued that the trial judge in the case, Linda Reade, should have recused herself because she was “actively engaged” in planning the original Agriprocessors raid. He called it a case in which the prosecution “was too zealous and a judge who was too involved in pretrial prosecution strategies.”
In April 2016, more than 100 former judges, prosecutors and law professors signed a letter supporting Rubashkin’s bid for a shorter sentence, claiming federal prosecutors interfered in the bankruptcy sale of Agriprocessors. The signers included former Attorneys General John Ashcroft, Michael Mukasey, Ramsey Clark and Edwin Meese III; former FBI directors Louis Freeh and William Sessions; former U.S. Sen. Joseph Lieberman; and former federal appeals court judge Kenneth Starr.
Prosecutors argued in response that it was Rubashkin’s criminal conduct that drove down the sale price of the company, not interference by prosecutors.
CAP: Sholom M. Rubashkin