Jewish Life Torah Portion

Torah Portion – Devarim

By Rabbi Tzvi Hersh Weinreb

Many years ago, I spent a semester at an elite institution devoted only to Talmud. 

At the school, one student in particular stood out for me. He was about 25 years old, and I soon learned that he was the school’s wunderkind. His scholarly achievements impressed everyone. In early adolescence, he had found his studies extremely frustrating. He was not as bright as his peers, had great difficulties in following the give and take of Talmudic passages, and couldn’t handle the bilingual curriculum. At the suggestion of his high school’s guidance counselor, he made a trip to Israel to study there. While there, still frustrated, he sought the blessing and counsel of the famous sage, Rabbi Abraham Isaiah Karelitz, more commonly known as the Chazon Ish.

This great man encouraged the young lad to persist in his studies, but to limit the scope of his daily efforts to small, “bite-sized chunks” of text. He concluded the interview with a blessing, quoting the passage in Psalms which asserts that Torah study can make even a dullard wise.

I befriended the young man and attempted to enlist him as my study partner. But I soon discovered that his keen intelligence and the broad scope of his knowledge were now far too advanced for me. He had become an intellectual giant.

I learned a most important life lesson from this fellow. I learned that one can overcome his limitations if he persists in trying to overcome them. I learned that one could undo his natural challenges with a combination of heeding wise counsel, becoming inspired spiritually, and devoting himself with diligence and dedication to the task.

Later in life I realized that I could have learned the same important life lesson from this week’s Torah portion, Devarim, and from no less a personage than our teacher, Moses. 

This week, we begin the book of Deuteronomy. Almost all of this book consists of the major address which Moses gave to the Jewish people before he took his final leave from them. “These are the words that Moses addressed to all of Israel…” (Deuteronomy 1:1).

Readers of this verse will that is was just six months ago when we first encountered Moses, back in the Torah portion of Shemot. We then read of how Moses addressed the Almighty and expressed his inability to accept the divine mission. “Please, O Lord, I have never been a man of words, either in times past or now that You have spoken to Your servant; I am slow of speech and slow of tongue…” (Exodus 4:10), said Moses, who stammered and stuttered, and suffered from a genuine speech defect.

How surprising it is, then, that in this week’s Torah portion, albeit 40 years later, he is capable of delivering the lengthy and eloquent address which we are about to read every week for the next several months! How did he overcome his limitations? What are the secrets of his path to eloquence?

These questions are asked in the collection of homilies known as the Midrash Tanchuma. There, the rabbis speak of the astounding power of sincere and sustained Torah study. They speak too of the effects of years of practice. And they emphasize the healing which comes about from a connection with the One Above. The rabbis of the Midrash Tanchuma could have cited the Lord’s own response to Moses’ initial complaint: “Who gives a man speech? Who makes him dumb or deaf, seeing or blind? Is it not I, the Lord?”

But those rabbis chose another proof text entirely to illustrate that man, with God’s help, can overcome his handicaps and challenges. They quote instead that beautiful passage in the book of Isaiah which reads:

Then the eyes of the blind shall be opened,
And the ears of the deaf shall be unstopped.
Then the lame shall leap like a deer,
And the tongue of the dumb shall shout aloud;
For waters shall burst forth in the desert,
Streams in the wilderness. (Isaiah 35:5-6)

We seldom contemplate the development, nay transformation, of the man who was Moses. But it is important to do so because, although we each have our unique challenges and personal handicaps, we are capable of coping with them, and often of overcoming them. We all can develop, and we all can potentially transform ourselves.

This week, and in all of the ensuing weeks which lie ahead, as we read Moses’ masterful valedictory and are impressed with the beauty of his language, we must strive to remember that he was not always a skilled orator. Quite the contrary, he was once an aral sefatayim, a man of impeded speech, who grew to achieve the divine blessing of shedding his impediments and addressing his people with the inspiring and eminent long speech that is the book of Deuteronomy. He can be a role model for us all.

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